Skills In D&D 5TH Edition

Skills in 5th edition Dungeons & Dragons are pretty limiting.

You get your allotted number of skills at first level, and they stay pretty static throughout the game; only really getting better when you level up and your proficiency bonus (slowly) increases.

I find this a little odd, given that in the real world a person can get better at a skill, and I don’t think it’s a great leap to think fantasy characters could as well.

Especially 0-level NPCs who usually only do one thing their whole lives.

So, I have come up with a simple way of increasing skill levels without breaking the game or changing anything significantly.

Enter the Expert and Master

When you take a skill, you are classed as being proficient in it. Which is fine, but sometimes you want to be an expert or a master at a particular skill – maybe even getting known for it.

I suggest you allow players (and your NPCs) to take a skill a second and third time (using skill slots at creation or when they level up – see below) to become an expert and master, respectively.

You may want to place some restrictions on this – a character cannot start at first level as a Master, or they need to have another skill before they can gain a Master level in a particular skill, or something similar.

Personally, if a character wants to be a Master at first level and burn 3 skill slots on one skill then I say let them – as long as they have a great backstory for why they are a Master in that skill.


So, what benefits does being an Expert or Master provide?

Simply, an Expert gains an additional +2 to all skills checks (as though his skill was 2 points higher), and a Master gains a +4.

It really is that simple.


When it comes to Tool Proficiencies, nothing changes with this. In the PHB it states:

Proficiency with a tool allows you to add your proficiency bonus to any ability
check you make using that tool. Tool use is not tied to a single ability, since proficiency with a tool represents broader knowledge of its use.

If a character is using a particular tool and they are asked to make a skill check, then if they are an expert or master in that skill they get the additional bonus.

Although, I would suggest using the rules in Xanather’s Guide which states:

If the use of a tool and the use of a skill both apply to a check, and a character is proficient with the tool and the skill, consider allowing the character to make the check with advantage.

So, for example, a character who is an expert with Deception and has the Disguise Kit tool proficiency makes a check to impersonate an NPC then she would receive an additional +2 on the check for being an expert, and have Advantage on the check due to the Disguise Kit proficiency.

This keeps the whole system simple and doesn’t double up on multiple bonuses.

SIDE NOTE: Xanather’s Guide also gives some cool things you can do with the various tool proficiencies so it is worth checking out.


I believe this system adds depth to a character and gives them the potential for a richer backstory.

How did that first level character become the master of deception? Where did this horse whisperer come from? How is it this city investigator notices things others do not?

The possibilities are endless and there is a good chance your player’s characters could be known for something other than slaying monsters.

Gaining Expertise

Achieving new skill levels is a little circumspect.

In my campaign, I allow PCs to become experts and masters during their downtime.

If they expressed a desire to gain a greater expertise with a skill they would let me know this and they could spend their downtime training or studying.

There is a more structured way to add this system into character levelling, however.

Simply allow a character to become an expert (or master, if they are an expert already) whenever they gain an ability increase.

This means they can choose to become an expert (or master) in one skill every 4 levels.

This is just two ways you, as GM, can dish out bonuses to a character that is outside of XP.

Over to You

What do you think? Would this work in your campaign?

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2 Replies to “Skills In D&D 5TH Edition”

  1. I think this simple Homebrew change does improve the way skills work in 5e.
    However, I think the entire skills system would benefit from a more complex and comprehensive overall.

    I’m working on a system where characters acuire skill points as they level up, receiving a number of skill points equivalent to their level.

    Instead of automatically gaining proficiency (at level 1) in a set of skills according to their class, they must assign these skill points to gain proficiency in any of the skills available to their class (as specified in the PHB). They can gain access to a wider set of skills by multi-classing (which is encouraged in my games) or if they can convince the DM why they should be allowed to learn a skill which isn’t normally available to their class.

    Each skill point assigned to a skill increases proficiency in that skill by 1, upto a max of 5.
    These act as a bonus to tests, so allocating 2 points means tests against that skill are made with a +2 bonus.

    For “flavor” a character is considered to be an expert in a particular skill if they have 2 or 3 skill points in it and a master if they have 4 or 5.

    To prevent players from putting all their skill points into a particular skill, so their low level character gains mastery ASAP….
    Add the constraint below:
    Players can’t allocate more skill points than their current level to a particular skill. These means a character must reach level 4 or 5 before they can allocate 4 or 5 skill points to a particular skill.

    This approach gives players much more flexibility regarding which skills they want to learn and how proficient they want to become.
    They can choose to specialise in a few skills or spread their skill points to achieve proficiency in a wide range of them.

    (The “Expertise” ability available to the Thief class would be changed from a proficiency bonus to extra skill points.)

    1. Hey

      Yeah, that’s not a bad system at all. And would be something closer to what I would like. The theory going into my idea was something super simple while not changing the existing system – but I agree, a better model is needed. I really love the idea of a skills-based character, but it is just impossible to do in 5e.


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